Type of connective tissue consisting mainly of fat cells (adipocytes), specialized to synthesize and contain large globules of fat, within a structural network of fibers.
What is the cell type in adipose tissue?
Adipose tissue is a specialized connective tissue mainly composed of fat cells known as adipocytes. Adipocytes can be subdivided into three cell types: white, brown and beige adipocytes, which differ in their structure, location, and function.
What is the most common type of cell in adipose connective tissue?
Fibroblasts are the most common cell type of connective tissue. They produce both fibers and amorphous ground substance.
Which type of fat is stored in adipose tissues quizlet?
storage depots for neutral fats, chiefly triglycerides (long-chain fatty acyl esters of glycerol), adipocytes function as key regulators of the body’s overall energy metabolism, the advantage it has over glucose is that it can produce more ATP per molecule and it’s 2x the caloric density.
Which type of fat is stored in adipose tissues?
Adipose (fat) cells are specialized for the storage of energy in the form of triglycerides, but research in the last few decades has shown that fat cells also play a critical role in sensing and responding to changes in systemic energy balance.
What do adipose cells do?
Lying three layers deep under the skin, the adipose tissue is composed of a loose collection of specialized cells, called adipocytes, embedded in a mesh of collagen fibers. Its main role in the body is function as a fuel tank for the storage of lipids and triglycerides.
What are the two types of adipose tissue?
In humans, there are two major types of adipose tissues, white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT). Anatomically, WAT comprises two major depots, subcutaneous WAT (SAT) and visceral WAT (VAT) around internal organs.
What is a fat cell composed of?
Under a microscope, fat cells look like bulbous little spheres. Like other cells in the body, each has a cell membrane and a nucleus, but their bulk is made up of droplets of stored triglycerides, each of which consists of three fatty-acid molecules attached to a single glycerol molecule.
What is adipose?
Adipose tissue is commonly known as body fat. It is found all over the body. It can be found under the skin (subcutaneous fat), packed around internal organs (visceral fat), between muscles, within bone marrow and in breast tissue. … However, women tend to store more subcutaneous fat within the buttocks and thighs.
What is the main constituent of adipose tissue quizlet?
the chemical group name for fats; fats are formed from a glycerol base with one, two, or three fatty acids attached to make monoglycerides,diglycerides, and triglycerides, respectively glycerides are the principal constituents of adipose tissue, and they are found in animal and vegetable fat and oils.
What is the composition of fats that are stored in adipose cells quizlet?
An ester of 3 fatty acids and a glycerol.
What are fat cells called quizlet?
Adipose tissue consists of closely packed cells that store fat.
Why is adipose a connective tissue?
Adipose tissue, or fat tissue, is considered a connective tissue even though it does not have fibroblasts or a real matrix, and has only a few fibers. Adipose tissue is composed of cells called adipocytes that collect and store fat in the form of triglycerides for energy metabolism.
How are fatty acids stored in adipose tissue?
Fatty acids are stored primarily in adipocytes as triacylglycerol. Triacylglycerol must be hydrolyzed to release the fatty acids. Adipocytes are found mostly in the abdominal cavity and subcutaneous tissue.
What are three adipose tissue functions?
Adipose tissue helps to store energy in the form of fat, cushion internal organs, and insulate the body. There are three types of adipose tissue: white, brown, and beige adipose. … Adipose tissue also produces hormones, such as adiponectin, which help to burn fat and reduce body weight.