Metabolic syndrome is the medical term for a combination of diabetes, high blood pressure (hypertension) and obesity. It puts you at greater risk of getting coronary heart disease, stroke and other conditions that affect the blood vessels.
What can metabolic disorders lead to?
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions that occur together, increasing your risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. These conditions include increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels.
Is metabolic syndrome serious?
Metabolic syndrome is a serious health condition that puts people at higher risk of heart disease, diabetes, stroke and diseases related to fatty buildups in artery walls (atherosclerosis).
Who does metabolic syndrome affect?
That’s almost a staggering 1 out of every 6 people. The syndrome runs in families and is more common among African-American, Hispanic, Asian, and Native American people. The risk of developing metabolic syndrome increases as you age.
What is a risk factor for metabolic syndrome?
The risk of having metabolic syndrome is closely linked to overweight and obesity and a lack of physical activity. Insulin resistance also may increase your risk for metabolic syndrome.
What is the most common metabolic disorder?
Diabetes is the most common metabolic disease. There are two types of diabetes: Type 1, the cause of which is unknown, although there can be a genetic factor. Type 2, which can be acquired, or potentially caused by genetic factors as well.
What are the five criteria for metabolic syndrome?
According to the NCEP ATP III definition, metabolic syndrome is present if three or more of the following five criteria are met: waist circumference over 40 inches (men) or 35 inches (women), blood pressure over 130/85 mmHg, fasting triglyceride (TG) level over 150 mg/dl, fasting high-density lipoprotein (HDL) …
What is the difference between metabolic syndrome and diabetes?
Metabolic syndrome includes symptoms of pre-diabetes but covers a broader cluster of conditions. People with metabolic syndrome may have increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess fat around the waist, high cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
Does diabetes cause high triglycerides?
When you have prediabetes (or diabetes), you are also likely to have high triglycerides. But, it’s not too late to reverse your tracks and reduce your blood sugar, triglycerides, and cholesterol.
Does metabolic syndrome go away?
As your weight drops, your blood pressure, blood sugar and blood lipid levels will begin to normalize. Over time, metabolic syndrome will disappear.
What is a metabolic disorder?
A metabolic disorder occurs when abnormal chemical reactions in your body disrupt this process. When this happens, you might have too much of some substances or too little of other ones that you need to stay healthy. There are different groups of disorders.
Does metabolic syndrome cause inflammation?
The proinflammatory state that accompanies the metabolic syndrome associates with both insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction, providing a connection between inflammation and metabolic processes which is highly deleterious for vascular functions.
What is metabolic syndrome and how is it treated?
Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors that include abdominal fat, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and unhealthy cholesterol levels. Treatment is focused on tackling each of these conditions. The goal is to cut your odds of blood vessel disease and heart disease, as well as diabetes.
What organs are affected by metabolic syndrome?
Pathology in various tissues is common in individuals with metabolic syndrome. Key targets for damage include the cardiovascular system, pancreas, and liver (Tariq et al., 2016).
Is metabolic syndrome hereditary?
Inherited metabolic disorders refer to different types of medical conditions caused by genetic defects — most commonly inherited from both parents — that interfere with the body’s metabolism. These conditions may also be called inborn errors of metabolism.
How do you diagnose metabolic syndrome?
You are diagnosed with metabolic syndrome if you have three or more of the following:
- A waistline of 40 inches or more for men and 35 inches or more for women (measured across the belly)
- A blood pressure of 130/85 mm Hg or higher or are taking blood pressure medications.
- A triglyceride level above 150 mg/dl.